A Persian title for a Viceroy. The *Persian empire was divided into satrapies, each ruled by a satrap. Egypt was placed under a satrap during the period of *Persian domination; also, when *Alexander the Great conquered Egypt, he appointed a Greek viceroy with the title of satrap.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David
* * *
   The Persian term for governor of a province. The Persian satraps of Egypt were generally members of the royal family or nobility. The last Persian satrap surrendered toAlexanderthe Great, upon whose death the Macedonian general, Ptolemy, became the last satrap, as he eventually took the title of king.
   See also Achaemenes; Arsames.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • SATRAP — (Heb. pl. אֲחַשְׁדַּרְפְּנִים; Aram. אֲחַשְׁדַּרְפְּנַיָּא; Old Persian xšaçapāvan, protector of the province ; Greek σατράπης), an official title during the Persian Empire of varying meaning. According to Herodotus (3:89–94) and contemporary… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Satrap — (griechisch satrapes, Altpersisch: Xšaçapāvā, Schützer der Herrschaft, gelesen: ksatrapavan) war im antiken Perserreich der Titel des Statthalters einer größeren Provinz (Satrapie) mit politisch administrativer und militärischer Leitungsfunktion… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • satrap — SATRÁP, satrapi, s.m. Guvernator al unei satrapii, cu puteri absolute. ♦ fig. Conducător despotic, rău; p. gener. persoană cu apucături dictatoriale. – Din fr. satrape, lat. satrapes. Trimis de LauraGellner, 16.01.2009. Sursa: DEX 98  SATRÁP s.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Satrap — Sa trap (? or ?; 277), n. [L. satrapes, Gr. ?, fr. OPers. khshatrap[=a]van ruler: cf. F. satrape.] The governor of a province in ancient Persia; hence, a petty autocrat despot. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Satrap — Satrap, 1) Statthalter einer Provinz im alten Persien (s.d. S. 848); 2) ein vornehmer üppiger Großer, mit der Nebenbedeutung der Überhebung seiner Macht. Daher Satrapie, 1) die Provinz eines Satrapen, s.d.; 2) Beamtenwillkür, welche sich über… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • sàtrap — m 1. {{001f}}pov. pokrajinski namjesnik u Perziji 2. {{001f}}pren. samovoljan i okrutan čovjek; despot ✧ {{001f}}grč. ← perz …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • satrap — (n.) late 14c., governor of a province of ancient Persia, from L. satrapes, from Gk. satrapes, from O.Pers. kshathrapavan , lit. guardian of the realm, from kshathra realm, province (related to kshayathiya king, cognate with Skt. kshatra; Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • satrap — [ satrap] noun 1》 a provincial governor in the ancient Persian empire. 2》 a subordinate or local ruler. Origin ME: from OFr. satrape or L. satrapa, based on Old Pers. kšathra pāvan country protector …   English new terms dictionary

  • satrap — sàtrap m DEFINICIJA 1. pov. pokrajinski namjesnik u Perziji 2. pren. samovoljan i okrutan čovjek; despot ONOMASTIKA pr. (prema statusu): Sàtrapa (Daruvar) ETIMOLOGIJA grč. satrápēs ← perz. kšathra pāvan: zaštitnik zemlje …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • satrap — ► NOUN 1) a provincial governor in the ancient Persian empire. 2) a subordinate or local ruler. ORIGIN Latin satrapa, from a Persian word meaning country protector …   English terms dictionary

  • satrap — [sā′trap΄, sa′trap΄] n. [ME < L satrapes < Gr satrapēs < OPers xšathrapāvan, lit., protector of the land < xšathra, dominion (< IE base * kthēi , to gain dominion > Gr ktēma, possession) + * pā(y) , to protect < IE base *… …   English World dictionary

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